Should you use ice or heat? If you find yourself asking this question, read on! As a general rule, ice is best for acute injuries, and heat is good for muscular tightness/pain. Ice will slow down the blood flow to an area and as a result, decrease swelling, while at the same time decreasing pain. Ice is good for acute injuries, migraine headaches, impact injuries, sprains and strains, and after performing activity that might exacerbate a chronic condition. Heat helps to bring blood flow to an area, and therefore if used on an acute injury, would cause an increase in swelling. This is why we would never recommend the use of heat on an acute injury. Use heat to loosen a tight or stiff, muscle or joint. It can also be used before an activity to loosen the desired area, priming it for movement. Be sure to put a thin layer of towel or pillow case between your skin and the ice or heat pack to prevent burns. Check the skin throughout the application about every 5 minutes during your 15-20 minutes application.
North Jersey PT sponsored Patrick McKeown to come train North Jersey Physical Therapy therapists in the Buteyko Breathing Method.
The method is aimed at reducing breathing to promote our bodies to be in a state of relaxation and equilibrium, and break the cycle of sympathetic overdrive or being in a state of constant “fight or flight.” It was created by a Russian physician, Dr. Konstantin Pavlovich Buteyko, around 1952.
Because our systems are stuck “on,” many of us have the tendency to breathe too much (clinically known as chronic hyperventilation), which alters the level of the gases in the blood and leads to numerous problems. Some signs of dysfunctional breathing include mouth breathing, hearing breathing during rest, excessive sighing, frequent yawning, regular sniffling, and taking deep breaths before talking. Things that can lead to dysfunctional breathing include over eating, lack of exercise, excessive talking, stress, high temperature in the home, and asthma.
Through a series of breathing exercises we are able to reset the respiratory centers in the brain and restore the normal balance to the system and allow the body to be in a parasympathetic state, or a state or relaxation and equilibrium. Through the Buteyko Breathing Method we are able to help patients change their pain levels and use it in conjunction with other treatment methods and modalities to address headaches, neck pain, jaw pain, low back pain, pain from fibromyalgia, as well as other forms of soft tissue pains.
Call to schedule an appointment with a North Jersey Physical Therapy therapist today to see how we can help you decrease your pain and improve your quality of life.
Do you have a job that requires you to sit for the majority of the day? Do you find yourself having aches and pains in your neck and back? If so, you may want to read on to find a few simple exercises to interject during your workday to combat the negative effects of prolonged sitting. As the day wears on, especially if you do not take enough rest breaks, gravity will cause you to slump down and acquire a rounded shoulder, forward head posture. This is especially true during computer use. Additionally, you will also want to make sure your work station is optimally set up to decrease the risk of eye and neck strain. A few pointers for proper posture at your desk include the following
A few exercises you may want to try during the day:
A few exercises you may want to try during the day:
2 times a day (this should take you 3.5 minutes)
Myofascial decompression is a technique that uses dome shaped “cups” to create negative pressure (suction) combined with gentle, strategic movement to help release the tightness in an area of muscle and fascia, thereby improving quality of movement, and decreasing pain. The suction helps to create “space” in the tissues and restore fluidity to the fascia. Fascia is the support structure or “scaffolding” for tissues. It is fluid and has a high degree of plasticity. It encapsulates and connects multiple muscles allowing for the functional kinetic chain and plays a large role in the quality of our movement. Certain areas of our fascia can lose their fluidity and become a sort of “glue” that causes a restriction in the ability of the tissues to glide, changing the way the forces in the system are distributed and can contribute to pain and injury. We see this occur in common injuries such as shoulder impingement/tendonitis, tennis and golfer’s elbow, work or sport related repetitive overuse injuries, as well as neck and low back strains.
The negative pressure created through the use of myofascial decompression, combined with active and/or passive movement, releases the tonic, tight, facilitated muscles and decreases the density that has accumulated in specific myofascial layers. It helps to bring blood flow, and therefore oxygen, to the area and allows nutrient exchange and helps to release trigger points, or knots, in the muscles. Myofascial decompression can also help decrease scar tissue and improve the pliability of the tissue/muscle. We are experiencing some exciting results with the addition of myofascial decompression to our tool box here at North Jersey Physical Therapy Associates, call today to come in and see if this technique is appropriate for treatment of your pain/movement impairment.
Do you have neck pain and/or headaches that get worse after sitting long periods, or after prolonged cell phone, laptop, or tablet use? The way you are holding your head up could be overworking the muscles of your head and neck, contributing to your pain. With the increasing use of hand held electronics, slouched posture has become more prevalent than ever. In neutral, upright posture (as depicted in diagram below), the head is positioned over the shoulders and should present as a 10-12 pound load for the spine and muscles to support. As we increase neck flexion and look further and further down, the weight of the head progressively increases. Notice at the far right of the diagram the head can begin to mimic a 60 pound load on the spine and neck muscles due to the slumped posture. When you think of your head as a 12 pound weight versus a 60 pound weight, it’s no wonder your neck and head begin to hurt with improper posture!
It is important to think about creating space by brining your lower ribs up and away from your pelvis, drawing your breast bone up, and imagine you are putting your head on the ceiling. Be sure not to arch your lower back. These are all cues that can help facilitate abdominal elongation and proper upright posture that will place your shoulders over your hips and your head over your shoulders.
The next time you sit down to read a book, use your tablet or cell phone, think about the way you are holding your head, and try to bring the reading material up towards eye level so you do not allow your head to bend down and pull on your spine and neck muscles. Fixing your posture alone may not be enough to eliminate your head and neck pain, but it is certainly a great place to start. If you have persistent head or neck pain, call today to come in for an evaluation and individualized treatment plan at North Jersey Physical Therapy.